Airfield Planning and Design

Pavement Design for Airfields

UFC 3-260-02
30 June 2001

This document establishes general concepts and criteria for the design of airfield pavements. It prescribes procedures for determining the thickness, material, and density requirements for airfield pavements in nonfrost and frost areas. It includes criteria for the California Bearing Ratio (CBR) procedure and elastic layered analysis for flexible pavements and the Westergaard Analysis and elastic layered analysis for rigid pavements. The elastic layered analysis for rigid pavements covers only plain concrete, reinforced concrete, and concrete overlay pavements.

Airfield Pavement Evaluation

UFC 3-260-03
15 April 2001

This document presents criteria for evaluation of the load-carrying capacity of conventional-type pavements used (or to be used) for the support of aircraft. An evaluation is conducted to assess the allowable traffic that a pavement can sustain for given loading conditions or the allowable load for a given amount of traffic without producing unexpected or uncontrolled distress. The procedures presented include direct sampling and nondestructive testing techniques. The document also describes computer programs that can be used for pavement evaluation.

Design: Petroleum Fuel Facilities

UFC 3-460-01
(Contains MIL-HDBK 1022A)
16 January 2004

This document is comprised of two sections. Chapter 1 introduces this document and provides a listing of references to other Tri-Service documents closely related to the subject. Appendix A contains the full text copy of the previously released Military Handbook (MIL-HDBK) on this subject. It provides general criteria for the design of petroleum fuel facilities. Note that this document does not constitute a detailed technical design, maintenance or operations manual, and is issued as a general guide to the considerations associated with design of economical, efficient, and environmentally acceptable petroleum fuel facilities.

Design: Aviation Operation and Support Facilities

UFC 4-141-10N
(Contains MIL-HDBK 1024/1)
16 January 2004

This document is comprised of two sections. Chapter 1 introduces this document and provides a listing of references to other Tri-Service documents closely related to the subject. Appendix A contains the full text copy of the previously released Military Handbook (MIL-HDBK) on this subject. This document provides general criteria for the design of aviation operation and support facilities. Note that this document does not constitute a detailed technical design, maintenance or operations manual, and is issued as a general guide to the considerations associated with design of economical, efficient, and environmentally acceptable aviation operation and support facilities.

Airfield Flexible Pavement

EM 1110-3-141
9 April 1984

This manual prescribes the standards to be used for airfield flexible pavement design for mobilization construction at Army installations . Flexible pavements are so designated due to their flexibility under load and their ability to withstand small degrees of settlement without serious detriment . The design of a flexible pavement structure is based on the requirement to limit the deflections under load and to reduce the stresses transmitted to the natural subsoil . The principal components of the pavement include a bituminous concrete surface, a high-quality base course or stabilized material, and a subbase course.

Airfield Rigid Pavement

EM 1110-3-142
9 April 1984

This manual presents mobilization procedures for the design of Army airfield rigid pavements and overlay pavements that incorporate a portland cement concrete layer in either the overlay or base pavement. A rigid pavement is considered to be any pavement system that contains as one element portland cement concrete, either nonreinforced or reinforced.

Surface Drainage Facilities for Airfields and Heliports

ARMY TM 5-820-1
AIR FORCE AFM 88-5, Chap. 1
20 August 1987

This manual prescribes standards of design of surface drainage of airfields and heliports. Problems involved in the design of drainage facilities are discussed, and convenient methods of estimating design capacities are outlined. These standards can be altered when necessary to meet special problems or unusual conditions on the basis of good engineering practice.

Design of Aggregate Surfaced Road and Airfields

TM 5-822-12
28 September 1990

This manual presents the procedures for design of aggregate surfaced roads and airfields. It presents criteria for determining the thickness, material, and compaction requirements for all classes of aggregate surfaced roads and for Class I, II, and III airfields at US Army installations. Road classes are defined in TM 5-822-2, and airfield classes are defined in TM 5-803-4. Class IV Army airfields would normally be paved. Use of the term roads includes roads, streets, open storage areas, and parking areas. Use of the term airfields includes heliports, runways, taxiways, and parking aprons. Design requirements are presented for frost and nonfrost areas.

Dust Control for Roads, Airfields and Adjacent Areas

TM 5-830-3
AFM 88-17, Chapter 3
30 September 1987

This manual provides guidance for dust control methods and materials that can be used successfully at airfields and heliports to stop dust from forming naturally or as a result of man’s activities and to control dust in areas directly impacted by man’s activities. Dust develops naturally in denuded or sparsely vegetated areas and in most unpaved, sparsely vegetated areas occupied by man. (Man’s activities may be detrimental to existing vegetation and create a dust problem.) Dust is created in unsurfaced areas subjected to concentrated foot or vehicular traffic, and is usually a problem on shoulders of surfaced airport and heliport traffic areas. Dust control becomes desirable when man needs to occupy land areas adjacent to the dust producing areas or is required to conceal military activities. The control of dust is also an important factor to consider for lengthening the life of vehicles and their engines.

Planning and Design of Roads, Airfields and Heliports in the Theatre of Operations

Field Manual 5-430-00-1
Air Force Joint Pamphlet 32-8103
26 August 1994

Field Manual (FM) 5-430 is intended for use as a training guide and reference text for engineer personnel responsible for planning, designing, and constructing roads, airfields, and heliports in the theater of operations (TO).

FM 5-430 is divided into two separate volumes to make it more user-friendly: FM 5-430-00-1/AFPAM 32-8013, Vol 1, Road Design, encompasses Chapters 1 through 9 and Appendices A through H. FM 5-430-00-2/AFJPAM 32-8013, Vol II, Airfield and Heliport Design, encompasses Chapters 10 through 14 and Appendices I through P.

  • FM 5-430-00-l/AFPAM 32-8013, Vol 1 is a stand-alone volume for the design of TO roads. This volume also serves as a detailed description of information common to both roads and airfields, such as site selection, survey and earthwork, clearing and grubbing, base and subbase courses, and drainage.
  • FM 5-430-00-2 /AFJPAM 32-8013, Vol II serves as the basis for airfield and heliport design. It discusses the complete process of airfield and heliport construction from the preliminary investigations, through design criteria, to the final project layout and construction techniques. It is not a standalone volume. FM 5-430-00-1/AFPAM 32-8013, Vol 1 contains much of the information required to design the substructure of an airfield or a heliport.

Visual Air Navigation Systems

UFC 3-535-01
17 November 2005

This document provides the guidance and detailed information on standard configurations and equipment to comply with the complementary AFI 32-1044, Visual Air Navigation Systems. Use it when designing, planning, constructing, and installing new systems. This document applies to Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve bases with responsibility for maintaining their airfield facilities. Existing systems are not required to be upgraded to these standards unless as part of a major rehabilitation.